List of Indian Missiles with Range, Prithvi, Agni, Brahmos, Nirbhay, Nag etc

Ballistic Missile

Ballistic missiles are basically projectiles. It is governed by the laws of gravity. Ballistic missiles are guided for brief duration just in starting phase of trajectory and the rest of the path is like a free falling projectile under gravity. These missiles are of three types mainly – SRBM, IRBM and ICBM. SRBM stands for short range ballistic missiles, IRBM stands for intermediate range ballistic missiles and ICBMs are the longest range which stands for Inter-continental ballistic missiles. All of the Prithvi and Agni series of missiles are Ballistic type. All the variants of Prithvi are SRBMs while Agni I to Agni IV are IRBM while Agni V and Agni VI are ICBMs.
Cruise Missile
These missiles are guided throughout their trajectory and doesn’t falls freely like a normal gravity bound projectile. These missiles don’t follow the laws of gravity and their path is controlled totally throughout their journey period. These missiles are self navigating and fly at extremely low altitudes to avoid being caught by radars. Level of accuracy in these missiles is extremely high.  Brahmos and Nirbhay are the examples of Cruise missiles of Indian Armed Forces.

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Detailed List of Indian Missiles with Range (Ballistic Type) : Prithvi
It is India’s first indigenously built tactical “surface to surface” missile. It has a maximum range of 300 Km. It was first test fired in year 1988 from Sriharikota. It was induced into Indian Army in year 1994. Prithvi I is considered as India’s first indigenous ballistic missile. Naval variant of the Prithvi missiles are called Dhanush. The weight of Prithvi missile is about 4.5 to 5 Tons and it is designed to carry warhead of 0.5 Ton. All the variants of Prithvi can carry nuclear warheads. Prithvi I and Prithvi II are based on liquid fuels which increases set-up time before launching thus making these missiles redundant. Prithvi III uses solid fuel which is more reliable as it reduces operational set-up time. Prithvi III has range 350 Km plus which is considerably more than Agni I and Agni II. This is in service from year 2004.
List of Indian Missiles with Range : Trishul

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It is a short range “surface to air” missile. It was designed for the primary function of defending naval ships against any missile attack, although it can be used to intercept low flying targets on land also. It has a range of 5 to 9 Km. The weight of the missile is 130 Kg and it can carry warhead up to 5 Kg. It was first successfully test launched in year 1988. This missile has been removed from service in year 2008.
List of Indian Missiles : Akash
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The fully mobile Akash Missiles
It is a medium range multi target surface to air missile. It has capability of maximum range of 25 Km and altitude of 18 Km. Its primary use is to destroy flying targets in air like Fighter jets, and cruise missiles etc. It was successfully test launched in 1990. This missile was first designed by DRDO and it is being produced by Ordnance factories in collaboration with Bharat Dynamics and Bharat Electronics. Its designed weight is 720 Kg and it can carry war head of 60 Kg. It has inbuilt radar system which is used to intercept not only fighter jets but can also neutralise the cruise missiles. It has a speed range of Mach 3. It is fully mobile system and its launching platform is developed in such a way that it can be fitted both on a wheel and track type vehicle.

NAG missile along with prototype of HELINA under trial with Advanced Light Helicopters of HAL

List of Indian Missiles : Nag

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It is a third generation, fire and forget type anti-tank guided missile with a range of about 4 Km. It was first test launched in year 1988. The weight of this missile is very less nearly 42 Kg and it can carry warhead of 8 Kg. The reason of such a low weight can be attributed to the fact that its body is completely made up of fibre. It has a unique feature which differentiates it from others is that its smoke is totally invisible. Most of the missiles generally leave heavy long smoke trail. The invisible smoke of Nag ensures that no one can find out the missile came from which direction. The vehicles from which it is test fired is of two types – i) NAMICA and ii) HELINA. NAMICA stands for Nag missile carrier which is land based track type vehicle. HELINA stands for Helicopter Nag which is still in development phase.

List of Indian Missiles : Agni

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It is a intermediate to long range ballistic surface to surface missile. Agni series consists of 6 different types namely Agni I, Agni II, Agni III, Agni IV, Agni V and Agni VI. Agni series missiles differ from other missiles in the fact that Agni missiles are multi stage type while other missiles are single stage. Agni 1 is MRBM (Medium Range Ballistic Missile) while Agni II, III and IV comes under the category of IRBM (Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile) while Agni V and VI are ICBM (Inter-continental Ballistic Missile).
Agni I
It has range capability of up to 750-1250 Km. It was first test launched in year 1989. Agni I has a weight of 12 Tons and it can carry nuclear warheads of 1 Ton.
Agni II
It weighs 16 tons and can carry 1 Ton of Nuclear warhead. It has a range of 2000-3000 Km. Agni II was successfully test launched in 1999 at Wheeler island, Balasore, Odisha.
Agni III
Agni III has a range of up to 5000 Km. Its weight is 22 Tons and it can carry nuclear warheads of up to 2.5 Ton.
Agni IV
It has a range of 4000 Km and weight of 17 Ton. It defers from the early series of Agni missiles by the fact that a lot of new technologies were introduced in this variant. The new technologies introduced were Re-Entry to atmosphere heat shield, Composite rocket motor, modern avionics with full digital control system providing very high level of accuracy in hitting the target. It was successfully test fired on 15 No 2011 by road mobile launcher from wheeler islands, Balasore, Odisha

Agni V

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It is a three stage type ICBM having weight of 50 tons and warhead capacity of 1.5 ton. Exact range of this missile was never disclosed but as per estimates it is considered to be between 5000 – 8000 Km. This is an upgraded version of Agni III. It was successfully test fired on 19 April 2012. The accuracy level is less than 9 meter which is best among any of the missile built by India. This missile has the capability to hit the across Asia and reach farthest ends of Europe.
Agni VI
It is four stage type ICBM which is still in developmental stage. It is expected to have a weight of 55 to 70 Tons and warhead carrying capacity of 3 Tons. The expected range of this missile is 8000 to 12000 Km.
Ship Defense Surface to Air Missiles (SAM)
K Series Missiles
K4 and K15 are Ship defense surface to air missiles which are basically an example of SLBM (Submarine launched ballistic missiles). K series missiles are named in the memory of the late former President A P J Abdul Kalam. K15 and K4 are both Nuclear missiles. While K15 has a range of 700 Km, the K4 has a high range of 3500 Km. Both of these K series missiles are equipped in recently commissioned Arihant nuclear powered submarine.

Barak Series Missiles
Barak 1 and Bark 8 are the surface to air missiles for Ship defense. Barak series missiles are basically Ship defense missiles which are used against aircrafts, anti-ship missiles. Barak series of missiles are developed as a joint venture between DRDO, India and Israel. While Barak 1 is SRSAM which stands for short range surface to air missile, Barak 8 is LRSAM which means Long range surface to air missile. Barak missiles are fitted on Shivalik class frigates and aircraft carriers INS Virat and INS Vikramaditya.
List of Indian Missiles with Range (Cruise Type) : Brahmos
It is named on Indian river Brahmaputra and Russian river Moskva. It earns the reputation of World’s fastest cruise missile. It was developed as a joint venture between DRDO and Russia. It has speed Range of 3 Mach and range of 300 to 500 Km. Its weight is 3 Tons and it can carry 200 KGs of conventional or nuclear warhead. It has three variants- i) land based,  ii) Naval based, iii) Air and Submarine based. The land based and Naval based are already inducted in service while the Air and submarine based variants are still in development stage. The land based variant was first test fired in 2001 at Chandipur while the Naval based variant was test fired on 5 March 2008 from INS Rajput.

List of Indian Missiles with Range (Cruise Type) : Nirbhay

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It is India’s indigenously developed subsonic Cruise Missile. Its range is more than 1000 Km. this missile has the flexibility to be launched from land, air and naval base. The unique feature which distinguishes it from others is that it is completely stealth. The first launch of land based variant failed as it diverted from its trajectory. The second launch was successful on 17 Oct 2014.
INDIA MISSILE CHART
Below is a list of India’s major missile systems either in operation or under development.
Name Type Range Stages/Fuel Payload Capacity Last Reported Test Inducted? Nuclear-Capable
Prithvi-I Ballistic 150 km Single/Liquid 800 kg* May 2007 Y(b) Y
Prithvi-II Ballistic 350 km Single/Liquid 500-1,000 kg May 2016* Y Y
Dhanush Ballistic 350 km Single/Liquid 500 kg April 2015* Y* Y
Agni-I Ballistic 700 km Single/Solid* 1,000 kg* March 2016* Y Y*
Agni-II Ballistic 2,000 km Two/Solid 1 ton November 2014 Y Y
Agni-III Ballistic 3,500 km Two/Solid 1.5 tons April 2015* Y Y*
Agni-IV Ballistic 4,000 km Two/Solid 1,000 kg* November 2015 Y* Y
Agni-V Ballistic +5,000 km Three/Solid 1,000 kg* February 2015 N Y
Prahaar Ballistic 150 km Single/Solid 200 kg July 2011 N* N*
Pragati Ballistic* 60 km – 170 km* Single/Solid* 200 kg Not Tested N* N*
K-15 (aka B0-5) SLBM(c) 750 km* Two/Solid* 1,000 kg* January 2013 N Y*
K-4 SLBM* 3,500 km* Two/Solid* Unknown March 2016(d)* N* Y*
BrahMos Cruise 290 km Two/Solid and Liquid(e) 200-300 kg May 2016 (f)N-I: Y
B-I: Y
B-II: Y
B-III: Y*
ALCM: Y
SLCM: N* N
Nirbhay Cruise 1,000 km Two/solid and liquid(g) 450 kg* October 2015(h) N* Y*
a. Due to the secrecy surrounding missile programs, not all the information in this chart is available from official open sources. Some data come from reliable secondary sources. These data are indicated by an asterisk(*).
b. The Prithvi-I will reportedly be withdrawn from service and upgraded.
c. Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile.
d. The K-4 was reportedly tested twice in March 2016. The first test was on March 7, and the second on March 31. The March 31 test was the first conducted from the INS Arihant ballistic missile submarine (SSBN).
e. The boost phase is solid-fueled while the cruise phase is powered by a liquid ramjet engine.
f. The BrahMos is deployed on multiple platforms. Each deployment has its own designation. N-I refers to deployments on surface naval vessels. Blocks (B) I-III refer to deployments with the Indian Army. ALCM refers to Air-Launched Cruise Missiles and SLCM refers to Submarine-Launched Cruise Missiles.
g. The boost phase is solid-fueled while the cruise phase is powered by a liquid turbofan engine.
h. This test was not successful.
1. AGNI-V – Inter Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM)

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Agni-V is a inter-continental Ballistic Missile with a range more than 5000 km. Agni-V is part of the Agni series of missiles. It is a solid fuelled and can be launched from a canister Tatra Truck. So It can be launched within five minutes of threat received. It can carry a nuclear war head of 1.5 tons.

This missile is the biggest achievement of DRDO and it is very important for the nuclear deterrent and strategic posturing. Agni-V would also carry MIRV (multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles) payloads being concurrently developed.

With this missile in armory India can Strike any part of China and Pakistan from its territory. This missile was a result of more than 30 years research in missile technology. This missile has put India in the elite club of nations who possess Inter Continental Ballistic Missiles. This missile can be used for India’s ballistic missile defense shield.
Project Status: Under Trials

2. Light Combat Aircraft – TEJAS

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This is the costliest and longest going programme of DRDO. It is a 4+ generation fighter plane developed by Aeronautical Development Agency. Tejas is a lightweight multi-role jet fighter. It is a tailless, compound delta wing design powered by a single engine. It came from the LCA programme, which began in the 1980s to replace India’s aging MiG-21 fighters.

It integrates technologies such as relaxed static stability, fly-by-wire flight control system, multi-mode radar, integrated digital avionics system, composite material structures, and a flat rated engine. It is supersonic and highly maneuverable, and is the smallest and lightest in its class of contemporary combat aircraft. Navy and trainer variant of the plane has also been developed and they have received initial operational clearance.

To keep is mind the future requirements of the country, ADA is currently working on Mark-II and Mark-III of Tejas aircraft. These versions will have 5th generation features such as stealth, upgraded avionics, modified aerodynamic designs and AESA radar.

Project Status: Initial Operational Clearance is given (IOC) for production

3. INS ARIHANT – Nuclear Powered Ballistic Missile Submarine

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The Arihant class is a class of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines being built for the Indian Navy. The lead vessel of the class, INS Arihant, was first launched in 2009 and began sea trials in December 2014. Four vessels are planned and are expected to be in commission by 2023.

The Arihant-class vessels are India’s first indigenously designed and built nuclear submarine. There are only 4-5 countries have technical capabilities to developing a nuclear powered submarines. So it’s a big technical breakthrough for the development of larger submarines in the future.

Arihant has four vertical launch tubes, which can carry twelve (three per launch tube) smaller K-15 missiles or four larger K-4 missiles. The K-4 is a longer range missile (3,500 km) and it is undergoing trials. Submarine will be fitted with USHUS sonar, developed by DRDO lab, for detecting and tracking enemy submarines, surface vessels, and torpedoes and can be used for underwater communication and avoiding obstacles.

Project Status: Under See Trials

4. RUSTOM – II – Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

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Rustom is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV) being developed by Aeronautical Development Establishment in Bangalore for the three services of the Indian Armed Forces. Rustom-II is developed by India on the lines of the American Predator drones.

I will be equipped with air to surface medium range missiles to destroy enemy targets. For target acquisition and ranging it has sophisticated Medium & Long Range Electro-Optical Payloads, Laser Ranger Finders with high resolution and precision stabilized platforms.

Rustom-II is equipped with various advanced technologies and systems which includes Digital Flight Control and Navigation System, Automatic Take off and Landing, Digital communication technologies for revealing data links to control and operate the mission and relay UAVs.

Project Status: Under Trial
5. ARJUN – Main Battle Tank

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The MBT Arjun is a third generation main battle tank developed by Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (CVRDE), a DRDO lab in Chennai, for the Indian Army.

The Arjun features a 120 mm main rifled gun with indigenously developed Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot ammunition, one 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, and a 12.7 mm machine gun. It has a four-man crew. Automatic fire detection and suppression and NBC protection systems are included. Arjun Tank is equipped with high resolution day and night vision devices which is supported by laser range finder.

The Mark-2 of Arjun has been developed which is an advanced third generation main battle tank and an upgraded version of the Arjun main battle tank with several improvements. Its development was completed in 2 years owing to experience gained from developing the first version. The top speed of the tank would be at 60 km/hr compared to 40 km/hr in Arjun mark 1. It had outclassed the T-90 during the trials. The new variant possesses superior missile firing capabilities and can fire missiles accurately up to a range of 2 km.
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Project Status: Under Production

6. BRAHMOS –  Super Sonic Cruise Missile

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The BrahMos has been developed as a joint venture between the Defence Research and Development Organization of India and the Federal State Unitary Enterprise of Russia under BrahMos Aerospace. The missile is named after two rivers, the Brahmaputra and the Moskva.

It is the world’s fastest cruise missile in operation. The missile travels at speeds of Mach 2.8 to 3.0. The land-launched and ship-launched versions are already in service, with the air and submarine-launched versions currently in the testing phase. An air-launched variant of BrahMos( Fitted with Su-30 MKI) is planned which is expected to come out in 2016 and will make India the only country with supersonic cruise missiles in their army, navy, and air force.

A hypersonic version of the missile namely BrahMos-II is also presently under development with speed of Mach 7 to boost aerial fast strike capability. It is expected to be ready for testing by 2017.

Like the BrahMos, the range of BrahMos II has also been limited to 290 km to comply with the MTCR. With a speed of Mach 7, it will have double the speed of the current BrahMos missile, and it will be the fastest hypersonic missile in the world.

Project Status: Under Production for all the three services

7. NIRBHAY – Medium Range Subsonic Cruise Missile

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Nirbhay is a long range, subsonic cruise missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation’s premier laboratory Aeronautical Development Establishment in Bangalore. Nirbhay is an all-weather low-cost long-range cruise missile with stealth and high accuracy. The missile has a range of more than 1000 km and It can be launched from a mobile launcher. It starts flying off as a rocket and then turns into an aircraft. For that it has foldable wings.

It is capable of being launched from multiple platforms on land, sea and air and shall be inducted into Indian Navy, Army, and Air Force. In particular, Nirbhay is being adapted for the Su-30MKI. The missile is capable of carrying nuclear warheads. The missile supplements Brahmos by delivering warheads farther than the 290 km range of Brahmos. This missile can fly at the height of a tree so its difficult to catch it by enemy radar.

The development of this missile is a breakthrugh for India as this missile is comparable to Pakistan’s Babur and USAs Tomhawk. It will be mounted on Su-30 MKI which will make the fighter planes more lethal.
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Project Status: Under Trials

8. DHRUV – Advanced Light Helicopter

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The Dhruv Helicopters have evolved from The Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) program for an indigenous 5-ton multirole helicopter was initiated in May 1979 by the Indian Air Force and Indian Naval Air Arm. HAL were given a contract by the Indian government in 1984 to develop the helicopter.

The Dhruv has become the first major Indian weapons system to have secured large foreign sales. In 2004 HAL stated that it hoped to sell 120 Dhruvs over the next eight years, and has been displaying the Dhruv at airshows.

With a unit price at least 15 percent less than its rivals, the Dhruv has elicited interest in many countries, mostly from Latin America, Africa, West Asia, South East Asia and the Pacific Rim nations. Air forces from around 35 countries have made inquiries, along with requests for demonstrations. Flight certification for Europe and North America is also been planned in order to tap the large civilian market there.
Project Status: Under Trials
9. Ballistic Missile Defence System

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Prithvi Advanced Air Defence System is for engaging the targets in the exo-atmosphere region

The Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered ballistic missile defence system to protect from ballistic missile attacks. It is a very ambitious and technology intensive project as this kind of capabilities are with only 2-3 countries in the world.

Introduced in light of the ballistic missile threat from Pakistan and China, it is a double-tiered system consisting of two interceptor missiles, namely the Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) missile for high altitude interception, and the Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Missile for lower altitude interception. The two-tiered shield should be able to intercept any incoming missile launched 5,000 kilometres away.
Advanced Air Defence System is for engaging the targets in the endo-atmosphere region
The two-tiered BMD System consists of the PAD, which will intercept missiles at exo-atmospheric altitudes of 50–80 km and the AAD missile for interception at endo-atmospheric altitudes of up to 30 km. The deployed system would consist of many launch vehicles, radars, Launch Control Centres and the Mission Control Centre. All these are geographically distributed and connected by a secure communication network.

Project Status: Under Trials

10. INSAS – Indian Small Arms System

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INSAS (Indian Small Arms System) is a family of infantry arms consisting of an assault rifle and a light machine gun. It is designed by Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE), Pune. It is manufactured by the Ordnance Factories Board at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli, Small Arms Factory Kanpur and Ichapore Arsenal.

Development of this rifle was a big achievement for the country as it replaced all the outdated rifles and their export was also stopped. INSAS has been included in the top 10 weapon systems developed by DRDO because of its mass induction in the services and export to various countries.

The assault rifle and LMG variants have been adopted by the Indian Armed Forces, Central Armed Police Forces, Indian Paramilitary Forces and police forces. On the international level India has exported a certain number of these rifles to Nepal, Bhutan and Oman. About, 300,000 units are in currently use by the Indian armed forces.
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